Wednesday, 20 July 2016

Johnstone & Wilmot Building, Launceston

William Johnstone was the founder of a wholesale general merchants, wines and spirits business in 1842.
Aged 22, William Johnstone and his wife (of one day) left Somerset, England in 1841. He was described as being ambitious, energetic and a hard worker. He expanded his business from the original leased site at 47 St John Street to the large premises at the corner of St John and Cimitiere Street. This building is a very unusual warehouse and counting house complex thought to be unique in Australia and constructed in 1842.

Mr Johnstone lived at 'Beulah', 21 High Street Launceston a two story Georgian home, now on the Tasmanian Heritage Register. In notes provided to the Launceston Library in 1987, the story goes that whilst living there, a convict stole all his silverware and later invited Mr Johnstone to buy it back! The family apparently got all the silver back, piece by piece.

Johnstone was described as being 'one of the leading merchants of Launceston' and 'he was of a very retiring disposition, and declined to occupy any public office more prominent than that of Municipal auditor' (a position which he held from 1858-1874). Mr Johnstone was 'a portly, active and apparently healthy man when he left Launceston on the 22nd (May) to attend the agricultural exhibition at Westbury'. However he caught a chill and died on May 29, aged 53. In addition ' the deceased gentleman was highly esteemed and many places of business had the front windows partially closed while the shipping in port and the Town Hall had the Union Jack hoisted at half mast'.

After William Johnstone's death in 1874, his son William John Johnstone inherited the business and invited his brother-in-law, Stuart Eardley-Wilmot (son of Sir John Eardley-Wilmot, Governor of Tasmania 1843-1847) to be his partner and the business then became Johnstone & Wilmot. The company seems to have been operational in the original building until 1971.

In 1982, Launceston City Council bought the Johnstone & Wilmot building which had been included on the National Estate. The warehouse resembles English and Dutch buildings of the late 18th century and is considered architecturally unique in Australia.

The building was restored at a cost of $250,000 in 1982 and it then housed the Community History Museum until 2003. The building is currently the home to the 1842 Gallery.

Main Text & Information Sources –
Australian Heritage Database

Historic Photos – 

Sunday, 17 July 2016

Visiting Magistrates House, Port Arthur

This house was built in 1847 and was considered one of the best houses at Port Arthur. It was originally constructed for the visiting magistrate at a cost of over 88 pounds and is the largest of the houses that make up Civil Officer’s Row. During the time when former commandant W.T.N Champ was “out of favour” and had become the visiting magistrate, this house was occupied by Superintendant Courtney whiles Champ remained in the Commandants residence.

By 1848 it was being used by the Deputy Superintendant but later that same year, the accommodation was reorganized and this house was allocated to the Senior Medical Officer and became his residence.

After the closure of the Port Arthur settlement, the house was sold and then leased and run as “Clougha” private hotel. It advertised gardens, orchards, boating, shooting and stated that the “Cuisine Department” is excellent and the sanitary arrangements are of the most perfect description".

The house barely escaped the 1895 bushfire and continued to welcome guests until the late 1940s, when it was obtained by the Tasmanian Government. In subsequent years it was used as office space for the various authorities managing the site.

The house has been fully restored and furnished and is available to hire for small functions and as a meeting space.

Main Text & Information Sources – 
Interpretive Sign at the Site
“Port Arthur – Convicts & Commandants” – Walter.B.Pridmore
Port Arthur Official Website - Visiting Magistrates House

Wednesday, 13 July 2016

David Hildyard's House, Sorell

This is a very important and significant building in the town of Sorell and is a rare surviving very early building in the main street that indicates the scale of development in the early township of Sorell.

The building is known as “David Hildyard’s House” or the “Plough & Harrow Inn”. It is said to have been an 1827 public house for which Daniel Long had gained a license in the mid 1820’s. However, an 1832 town plan shows that Long had premises on the corner of Gordon & Coles streets and that there was no building on the site at 8 Gordon Street at that particular time.

A 1839 plan notes that the allotment was being used as a brickyard while an 1842 plan shows a building on the site which had been granted to David Hildyard. In the same year, Hildyard is recorded as living in a brick house in Gordon Street. So it can be assumed that the building was probably erected between 1839 & 1842. It has been indicated that the building was later used as a hotel and this may be the source of the “Plough & Harrow Inn” name with David Hildyard being recorded as having held a publican’s license at some stage.

The building is a largely intact Colonial Georgian 2 storey house which retains it setting. The exterior is painted over the face brick with a symmetrical layout featuring a central door and pairs of 6 pane windows on either side. The building has typical Georgian detailing with shaped brick lentils to openings and brick chimneys.

The building was once in poor condition but has been lovingly repainted. It is a well detailed and finely scaled building of modest proportion and it provides a good contrast to the more substantial buildings that have tended to survive from the early town settlement years. It was last sold in 1987 and appears to remain a private residence to this day.

Main Text & Information Source –
“Sorell Heritage Study – Site Inventory Vol 5” – Sorell Municipal Council 1996

Sunday, 10 July 2016

St Andrews Anglican Church, Evandale

The present building is the third to be built on the site. The first was a small chapel measuring 40 ft by 20ft with low walls and shingle roof and stood in paddocks close to the gates at the end of Church Lane. The chapel officially opened on February 18th, 1837 by the Lieutenant Governor Sir John Franklin. On week days the building served as a schoolroom. In October 1838, the residents of Evandale became anxious for a larger Church of England. With James Cox of Clarendon acting as their spokesman, 88 members of the congregation signed a petition requesting Government aid in the erection of a more suitable building.

Work began on the new church in 1841. It was a red brick building with a square tower at the western end, in the style of the present church at Campbell Town. The building was completed around 1844. By 1869, large cracks were observed, due to faulty foundations, and the church was ultimately pulled down in 1871. In 1868, the old chapel/schoolroom was the venue for the first Evandale Show. When the church was finally completed, the chapel was used as a Sunday school until it was demolished around 1910.

The foundation stone for the present building was laid on 30th November 1871 on the site of the 1844 church building and used many of the old bricks. Measuring 70ft by 25ft, the building was completed in 5 months by J & T Gunn of Launceston. It was their first major project. The bishop’s chair is made from timbers from Australia’s first warship, HMAS Nelson. 

When the new St Andrew’s Church was consecrated, dedicated and opened on May 17th, 1872, the most admired part of the new building was the beautiful spire. The 108ft high spire had been added, mainly through the generosity of John Whitehead of Nile. It was considered by some at the time to be an extravagant waste of money and unnecessary and it became known as “Whitehead’s Folly” We can now appreciate John Whitehead’s forethought and good taste in helping to build the beautiful “Wedding Cake Church” as we see it today.

The adjacent cemetery is surrounded by ornamental cast iron railings. The cemetery contains the graves of people associated with the local community and the colonies. This includes the vault of James Cox, historically interesting to this district and NSW (Cox of Blue Mountains), the tomb of David Collins - first settler at Evandale and also Capt Barclay's smaller vault and tombs of local people.

Main Text & Information Source –
Evandale Heritage Walk brochure – The Evandale Community Centre 
Australian Heritage Database

Historic Photos –