Newman’s Bottom was an obvious site because it had a good stream of water throughout the year and by September 1843, a team of more than 200 convicts were clearing the land near a small waterfall not far from the bay. It became known as Cascades.
Not far away from the settlement the prisoners put down a trial shaft to see if any copper ore might be found. This was unsuccessful, however quarrying for sandstone yielded good quality stone for more substantial buildings.
By 1860 the buildings had fallen into disrepair and the previously cleared farm land once again taken over by native scrub and trees.
Main Information Source:
Cascades Colonial Accomodation Booklet (Available at the main office)
Thank you to Maria for allowing me to wander the ground for photos and for access to some of the buildings
Cascades Colonial Accommodation website: