Wednesday, 13 August 2014

Former New Town Town Hall

The 1890's were quite an important time in the development of New Town. Throughout the mid to late 19th century, New Town had retained a semi rural character. While the area contained some of the finest mansions and summer homes of the more wealthy settlers, it was still an area used for orchards, dairy farms and market gardens. By the early 1870's the main line railway between Hobart & Launceston was constructed and passed through New Town and the suburbanisation of New Town was under way.

Just prior to this period, following on from the granting of self government for the colony in 1856, local councils began to be introduced in Tasmania. The residents of both New Town & Glenorchy were both wanting to form municipality's based around their town and disputes ensued around where the locations of boundaries between the two should be. By 1864, the New Town Rivulet was declared to be the southern boundary of Glenorchy. This meant the northern section of New Town became part of Glenorchy although it continued to be known as New Town.

Although all of this took place over a fairly short space of time, it would take another 30 odd years for the New Town municipal board to be finally established. In 1892 the municipal board was established under the name of the New Town Town Board. At this time, New Town had about the 3rd or 4th largest population in the colony but the area contained no public buildings at all. Following public meetings regarding the development of public buildings submissions for competitive designs were invited in 1896 with Thomas Searell being ultimately declared the winning architect.

By May 1896, the Town board published notices of its intention to borrow funds to pay for the construction of the new buildings. The requirements of the Local Bodies Loans Act indicated that boards were forbidden to proceed with loans if one third of their ratepayers opposed the loan. Unfortunately for the board, it was around this time that some local ratepayers, feeling cost sensitive, began to oppose what they believed was an unnecessary expense. The 804 ratepayers in New Town were asked to vote on the loan in June 1896 and in a cliff hanger result, 266 votes were recorded against the loan - 33.1%! Incredibly close to the one third that would have scuttled the project.

Tenders were called for the construction and the contract was awarded to Messrs R & J Duff. In an ironic twist, cost increases meant that a hall for large gatherings could not be included in the initial construction, although it would have been possible to add this to the rear of the front offices at a later date. It was the absence of a public venue suitable for large gatherings that had been the major driving force for the construction of the new building. The New Town Town Hall was officially opened in December 1897. It became an impressive landmark building on New Town Road.

However, it seems the building was only to serve the New Town community for a short period of time as the seat of its local administration. In 1908, the New Town Town Board was replaced by the newly formed New Town Municipal council which was responsible for a much larger area including parts of Mt Stuart and Lenah Valley. By January 1920, the New Town Municipal Council was amalgamated into Greater Hobart and the Hobart City Council owned the building until after the Second World War..

The building, still in immaculate condition and a real landmark along New Town Road, is now used as private office space. It would be interesting to know how many of the local peoples would realize the original history of this magnificent building and it's place in the development of New Town.

Main Text & Information Source - 
"The Story Of New Town - Street By Street" - Donald Howatson 2011

4 comments:

  1. It certainly was an impressive building, one the residents could be very proud of. Not a coincidence. I suspect that after the granting of self government for the colony in 1856, local councils had to flex their muscles - clear boundaries, vigorous municipal laws, fancy cloaks and jewellery, and above all confident architecture.

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    1. Hi Hels,
      I reckon you're spot on there. I reckon each local council would have been looking closely at what their neighboring councils were doing and once the boundaries had been agreed to, there would be a fair bit of "oneupmanship" with regards to the public buildings and their designs. Does make for some very interesting architecture around the local municipalities.

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  2. Just to put things in perspective, Town Boards were constituted under the Town Boards Act 1891. Prior to that there were various Road Trusts constituted under the Cross and Bye Roads Act 1860. There were no local councils as we know them today.

    By 1906 local government services were provided by some 149 district and
    local authorities including Rural Municipalities, Town Boards, Main Road
    Districts, Road Districts, Local Health Districts, Fruit Districts, Rabbit
    Districts, School Districts, and Public Recreation Ground Districts. The
    Local Government Act 1906 abolished all of these bodies, consolidated
    council boundaries, brought together the various councils, town committees
    and road committees, and provided a proper legislative context in which
    Local Government could function. Under this Act all local authorities other
    than those for Hobart and Launceston were abolished and replaced by 47
    municipalities.

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    1. Awesome, Mike. Thanks for the clarification. Cheers

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